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2018江苏高考英语试题【Word试卷】

2018-06-12 20:01:32文/李木子

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2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

英语(江苏卷)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:Howmuchistheshirt?

A.£19.15.

B.£9.18.

C.£9.15.

答案是C。

1.WhatwillJamesdotomorrow?

A.WatchaTVprogram.

B.Giveatalk.

C.Writeareport.

2.Whatcanwesayaboutthewoman?

A.She'sgenerour.

B.She'scurious.

C.She'shelpful.

3.Whendoesthetrainleave?

A.At6:30.

B.At8:30.

C.At10:30.

4.Howdoesthewomangotowork?

A.Bycar.

B.Onfoot.

C.Bybike

5.Whatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthespeakers?

A.Classmates.

B.Teacherandstudent.

C.Doctorandpatient.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.Whatdoesthewomanregret?

A.Givingupherresearch.

B.Droppingoutofcollege.

C.Changinyhermajor.

7.Whatisthewomaninterestedinstudyingnow?

A.Ecology.

B.Education.

C.Chemistry.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8.Whatistheman?

A.Ahotelmanager.

B.Atourguide.

C.Ataxidriver.

9.Whatisthemandoingforthewoman?

A.lookingforsomelocalfoods.

B.Showingheraroundtheseaside.

C.Offeringinformationaboutahotel.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10.Wheredoestheconversationprobablytakeplace?

A.Inanoffice.

B.Athome

C.Atarestaurant.

11.Whatwillthespeakersdotomorrowevening?

A.Gotoaconcert.

B.Visitafriend

C.workextrahours.

12.WhoisAlicegoingtocall?

A.Mike.

B.Joan

C.Catherine.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13.Whydoesthewomanmeettheman?

A.Tolookatanapartment.

B.Todeliversomefurniture.

C.Tohaveamealtogether.

14.Whatdoesthewomanlikeaboutthecarpet?

A.Itscolor.

B.Itsdesign.

C.Itsquality.

15.Whatdoesthemansayaboutthekitchen?

A.It'sagoodsize.

B.It'snewlypainted.

C.It'sadequatelyequipped.

16.Whatwillthewomanprobablydonext?

A.Godowntown.

B.Talkwithherfriend.

C.Makepayment.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.Whoisthespeakerprobablytalkingto?

A.Moviefans.

B.Newsreporters.

C.Collegestudents.

18.WhendidthespeakertakeEnglishclasses?

A.Beforehelefthishometown.

B.AfterhecametoAmerica.

C.Whenhewas15yearsold.

19.Howdoesthespeakerfeelabouthisteacher?

A.He'sproud.

B.He'ssympathetic.

C.He'sgrateful.

20.Whatdoesthespeakermainlytalkabout?

A.Howeducationshapedhislife.

B.Howhislanguageskillsimproved.

C.Howhemanagedhisbusinesswell.

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:Itisgenerallyconsideredunwisetogiveachild_______heorshewants.

A.however

B.whatever

C.whichever

D.whenever

答案是B。

21.Byboatistheonlywaytogethere,whichis_______wearrived.zx.x.k

A.where?

B.when

C.why

D.how
22.Kids?shouldn’t?have?access?to?violent?films?because?they?might?_______the?things?theysee.
A.indicate?

B.investigate

C.imitate

D.innovate
23.Self-driving?is?an?area?_______China?and?the?rest?of?the?world?are?on?the?same?startingline.
A.that

B.where

C.which

D.when
24.It’s?strange?that?he?_______have?taken?the?books?without?the?owner’s?permission.
A.would

B.should?

C.could

D.might
25.Developing?the?Yangtze?River?Economic?Belt?is?a?systematic?project?which?_______aclearroadmapandtimetable .
A.calls?for

B.calls?on

C.calls?off

D.calls?up

26.Around?13,500?new?jobs?were?created?during?the?period,_______the?expected?numberof12,000held?by?market?analysts.
A.having?exceeded?

B.to?exceed?

C.exceeded?

D.exceeding

27.There?is?a?good?social?life?in?the?village,and?I?wish?_______a?second?chance?to?becomemoreinvolved.

A.had

B.will?have

C.would?have?had

D.have?had

28.—You?know?what??I’ve?got?a?New?Year?concert?ticket.
—Oh,_______You’re?kidding.

A.so?what?

B.go?ahead.

C.come?on.

D.whatfor?

29._______you?can?sleep?well,?you?will?lose?the?ability?to?focus,?plan?and?staymotivated?afteroneor?two?nights.

A.Once

B.Unless

C.If

D.When

30.I?was?sent?to?the?village?last?month?to?see?how?the?development?plan?_______in?the?pasttwoyears.

A.had?been?carried?out

B.wouldbecarriedout

C.is?being?carried?out

D.hasbeencarriedout

31.Hopefully?in?2025?we?will?no?longer?be?e-mailing?each?other,for?we_______moreconvenientelectronic?communication?tools?by?then.

A.havedeveloped

B.had?developed

C.will?have?developed?

D.developed

32.Try?to?understand?what’s?actuallyhappeninginsteadofactingonthe_______you’vemade.
A.assignment

B.association

C.acquisition?

D.assumption

33.China’ssoft?power?grows?_______the?increasing?appreciation?and?understandingofChinaglobally.

A.inlinewith

B.inreplyto

C.inreturnfor

D.inhonourof

34.Despitethepoorserviceofthehotel,themanageris_______toinvestinsufficienttrainingforhisstaff.

A.keen

B.reluctant

C.anxious

D.ready

35.—Whathappened?Yourbossseemsto_______.

—Didn’t?you?know?his?secretary?leaked?the?secret?report?to?the?press?
A.be?over?the?moon

B.laugh?his?head?off

C.be?all?ears

D.fly?off?the?handle

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将

该项涂黑。

RaynorWinnandherhusbandMothbecamehomelessduetotheirwronginvestment.Theirsavingshadbeen

36topaylawyers’fees.Tomakemattersworse,Mothwasdiagnosed(诊断)witha37disease.Therewasno38,onlypainrelief.

Failingtofindanyotherwayout,theydecidedtomakea39journey,astheycaughtsightofanold

hikers’(徒步旅行者)guide.

Thiswasalongjourneyofunaccustomedhardshipand40recovery.Whenleavinghome,Raynorand

Mothhadjust£320inthebank.Theyplannedtokeepthe41lowbylivingonboilednoodles,withthe42hamburgershoptreat.

Wildcampingis43inEngland.Toavoidbeingcaught,theWinnshadtogettheirtentup44

andpackeditawayearlyinthemorning.TheWinnssoondiscoveredthatdailyhikingintheir50sisalot45thantheyrememberitwasintheir20s.Raynor46alloveranddesiredabath.Moth,meanwhile,afteraninitial47,foundhissymptomswerestrangely48bytheirdailytiringjourney.

49,thecouplefoundthattheirbodiesturnedforthebetter,withre-foundstrongmusclesthatthey

thoughthad50forever."Ourhairwasfriedandfallingout,nailsbroken,clothes51toathread,butwewerealive."

Duringthejourney,Raynorbeganacareerasanaturewriter.Shewrites,"52hadtakeneverymaterial

thingfrommeandleftmetornbare,anemptypageattheendofa(n)53writtenbook.Ithadalsogivenmea54,eithertoleavethatpage55ortokeepwritingthestorywithhope.Ichosehope.”

36.A.drawn?upB.used?upC.backed?upD.kept?up
37.A.mildB.commonC.preventable D.serious
38.A.cureB.luckC.careD.promise
39.A.businessB.walkingC.busD.rail
40.A.expectedB.frighteningC.disappointingD.surprising
41.A.budgetB.revenueC.compensationD.allowance
42.A.frequentB.occasionalC.abundantD.constant
43.A.unpopularB.lawfulC.attractiveD.illegal
44.A.soonB.earlyC.lateD.slowly

45.A.harderB.easierC.cheaperD.funnier
46.A.rolledB.bledC.achedD.trembled
47.A.struggleB.progressC.excitementD.research
48.A.developedB.controlledC.reducedD.increased
49.A.InitiallyB.EventuallyC.TemporarilyD.Consequently
50.A.gainedB.keptC.woundedD.lost
51.A.sewnB.washedC.wornD.ironed
52.A.?DoctorsB.HikingC.LawyersD.Homelessness
53.A.wellB.partlyC.neatlyD.originally
54.A.choiceB.rewardC.promiseD.break
55.A.looseB.fullC.blankD.missing

第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并

在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

TheMetropolitanMuseumofArt

1000FifthAvenueNewYork,NY10028

211-535-7710www.metmuseum.org

Entrances

FifthAvenueat82ndStreet

Hours

Open7daysaweek.

Sunday-Thursday10:00-17:30

FridayandSaturday10:00-21:00

ClosedThanksgivingDay,December25,January1,andthefirstMondayinMay.

Admission

$25.00recommendedforadults,$12.00recommendedforstudents,includestheMainBuildingandTheCloisters(回廊)onthesameday;freeforchildrenunder12withanadult.

FreewithAdmission

Allspecialexhibitions,aswellasfilms,lectures,guidedtours,concerts,gallerytalks,and

family/children'sprogramsarefreewithadmission.

Askabouttoday'sactivitiesattheGreatHallInformationDesk.

TheCloistersMuseumandGardens

TheCloistersmuseumandgardensisabranchofTheMetropolitanMuseumofArtdevotedtotheartandarchitectureofEuropeintheMiddleAges.Theextensive

collectionconsistsofmasterworksinsculpture,coloredglass,andpreciousobjectsfromEuropedatingfromaboutthe9thtothe15thcentury.

Hours:Open7daysaweek.

March-October10:00-17:15

November-February10:00-16:45

ClosedThanksgivingDay,December25,andJanuary1.

56.Howmuchmaytheypayifan11-year-oldgirlandherworkingparentsvisitthemuseum?

A.$12.B.$37.C.$50.D.$62

57.TheattractionoftheCloistersmuseumandgardensliesinthefactthat________.

A.itopensalltheyearround

B.itscollectionsdatefromtheMiddleAges

C.ithasamodernEuropean-stylegarden

D.itsellsexcellentEuropeanglasscollections

B

Inthe1760s,MathurinRozeopenedaseriesofshopsthatboasted(享有)aspecialmeatsoupcalledconsomme.Althoughthemainattractionwasthesoup,Roze'schainshopsalsosetanewstandardfordiningout,whichhelpedtoestablishRozeastheinventorofthemodernrestaurant.

Today,scholarshavegeneratedlargeamountsofinstructiveresearchaboutrestaurants.Take

visualhintsthatinfluencewhatweeat:dinersservedthemselvesabout20percentmorepasta(意大利面食)whentheirplatesmatchedtheirfood.Whenadark-coloredcakewasservedonablackplateratherthanawhiteone,customersrecognizeditassweeterandmoretasty.

Lightingmatters,too.WhenBerlinrestaurantcustomersateindarkness,theycouldn'ttellhowmuchthey'dhad:thosegivenextra-largesharesatemorethaneveryoneelse,butwerenonethewiser—theydidn’tfeelfuller,andtheywerejustasreadyfordessert.

Timeismoney,butthatprinciplemeansdifferentthingsfordifferenttypesofrestaurants.Unlikefast-foodplaces.finediningshopsprefercustomerstostaylongerandspend.Onewayto

encouragecustomerstostayandorderthatextraround:putonsomeMozart(莫扎特).When

classical,ratherthanpop,musicwasplaying,dinersspentmore.Fastmusichurrieddinersout.

Particularscentsalsohaveaneffect:dinerswhogotthescentoflavender(薰衣草)stayedlonger

andspentmorethanthosewhosmelledlemon,ornoscent.

Meanwhile,thingsthatyoumightexpecttodiscouragespending—"bad"table s,crowding.

highprices—don'tnecessarily.Dinersatbadtable s—nexttothekitchendoor,say—spentnearlyasmuchasothersbutsoonfled.Itcanbeconcludedthatrestaurantkeepersneednot"beoverlyconcernedabout‘bad'table s,"giventhatthey'reprofitable .Asforcrowds,aHongKongstudyfoundthattheyincreasedarestaurant'sreputation,suggestinggreatfoodatfairprices.Anddoublingabuffet'spriceledcustomerstosaythatitspizzawas11percenttastier.

58.Theunderlinedphrase"nonethewiser"inparagraph3mostprobablyimpliesthatthe

customerswere.

A.notawareofeatingmorethanusual

B.notwillingtosharefoodwithothers

C.notconsciousofthefoodquality

D.notfondofthefoodprovided

59.Howcouldafinediningshopmakemoreprofit?

A.playingclassicalmusic.

B.Introducinglemonscent.

C.Makingthelightbrighter,

D.Usingplatesoflargersize.

60.Whatdoesthelastparagraphtalkabout?

A.Tipstoattractmorecustomers.

B.Problemsrestaurantsarefacedwith.

C.Waystoimproverestaurants'reputation.

D.Commonmisunderstandingsaboutrestaurants.

C

Ifyouwanttodisturbthecarindustry,you'dbetterhaveafewbilliondollars:Mom-and-pop

carmakersareunlikelytobeatthebiggestcarcompanies.Butinagriculture,smallfarmerscanget

thebestofthemajorplayers.Byconnectingdirectlywithcustomers,andbyrespondingquicklyto

changesinthemarketsaswellasintheecosystems(生态系统),smallfarmerscankeeponestep

aheadofthebigguys.Astheco-founderoftheNationalYoungFarmersCoalition(NYFC,美国青年农会)andafamilyfarmermyself.Ihaveafront-rowseattotheinnovationsamongsmallfarmersthataretransformingtheindustry.zx.xk

Forexample,taketheQuickCutGreensHarvester,atooldevelopedjustacoupleofyearsagobyayoungfarmer,JonathanDysinger,inTennessee,withasmallloanfromalocalSlowMoneygroup.Itenablessmall-scalefarmerstoharvest175poundsofgreenvegetable sperhour—ahugeimprovementoverharvestingjustafewdozenpoundsbyhand—suddenlymakingitpossibleforthelittleguystocompetewithlargefarmsofCalifornia.Beforethetoolcameout,smallfarmerscouldn'ttouchthepriceperpoundofferedbyCaliforniafarms.Butnow,withthecombinationofabetterpricepointandagenerallyfresherproduct,theycanstayinbusiness.

Thesustainablesuccessofsmallfarmers,though,won'thappenwithoutfundamentalchanges

totheindustry.Onecrucialfactorissecureaccesstoland.Competitionfrominvestors.developers,andestablishedlargefarmersmakesowningone'sownlandunattainableformanynewfarmers.

From2004to2013,agriculturallandvaluesdoubled,andtheycontinuetoriseinmanyregions.

Anotherchallengeformorethanamillionofthemostqualifiedfarmworkersandmanagersisanon-existentpathtocitizenship—thegreatestbarriertobuildingafarmoftheirown.Withfarmersovertheageof65outnumbering(多于)farmersyoungerthan35bysixtoone,andwithtwo-thirdsofthenation'sfarmlandinneedofanewfarmer,wemustclearthepathfortalentedpeoplewillingtogrowthenation'sfood.

Therearesolutionsthatcouldlightapathtowardamoresustainableandfairfarmeconomy,

butfarmerscan'tclumsilyputthemtogetherbeforeus.WeattheNYFCneedbroadsupportaswe

urgeCongresstoincreasefarmlandconservation,aswepushforimmigrationreform,andaswe

seekpoliciesthatwillensurethesuccessofadiverseandambitiousnextgenerationoffarmsfrom

allbackgrounds.WithanewfarmbilltobedebatedinCongress,consumersmusttakeastandwithyoungfarmers.

61.Theauthormentionscarindustryatthebeginningofthepassagetointroduce.

A.theprogressmadeincarindustry

B.aspecialfeatureofagriculture

C.atrendofdevelopmentinagriculture

D.theimportanceofinvestingincarindustry

62.Whatdoestheauthorwanttoillustratewiththeexampleinparagraph2?

A.Loanstosmalllocalfarmersarenecessary.

B.Technologyisvitalforagriculturaldevelopment.

C.Competitionbetweensmallandbigfarmsisfierce

D.Smallfarmersmaygainsomeadvantagesoverbigones.

63.Whatisthedifficultyforthosenewfamers?

A.Togainmorefinancialaid.

B.Tohiregoodfarmmanagers.

C.Tohavefansoftheirown.

D.Towinoldfarmers’support.

64.Whatshouldfarmersdoforamoresustainableandfairfarmeconomy?

A.SeeksupportbeyondNYFC.

B.Expandfarmlandconservation.

C.BecomemembersofNYFC.

D.Investmoretoimprovetechnology.

D

Childrenasyoungastenarebecomingdependentonsocialmediafortheirsenseofself-worth,amajorstudywarned.

Itfoundmanyyoungsters(少年)nowmeasuretheirstatusbyhowmuchpublicapprovalthey

getonline,oftenthrough“like”.Somechangetheirbehaviorinreallifetoimprovetheirimageontheweb.

Thereportintoyoungstersagedfrom8to12wascarriedoutbyChildren'sCommissioner(专

员)AnneLongfield.Shesaidsocialmediafirmswereexposingchildrentomajoremotionalrisks,

withsomeyoungstersstartingsecondaryschoolill-equippedtocopewiththetremendouspressure

theyfacedonline.

Somesocialappswerepopularamongthechildreneventhoughtheysupposedlyrequireuserstobeatleast13.Theyoungstersadmittedplanningtripsaroundpotentialphoto-opportunitiesandthenmessagingfriends—andfriendsoffriends—todemand“likes”fortheironlineposts.

Thereportfoundthatyoungstersfelttheirfriendshipscouldbeatriskiftheydidnotrespond

tosocialmediapostsquickly,andaroundtheclock.

Childrenaged8to10were"startingtofeelhappy"whenotherslikedtheirposts.However,

thoseinthe10to12agegroupwere"concernedwithhowmanypeopleliketheirposts",suggestinga“need”forsocialrecognitionthatgetsstrongertheoldertheybecome.

MissLongfieldwarnedthatagenerationofchildrenriskedgrowingup"worriedabouttheir

appearanceandimageasaresultoftheunrealisticlifestylestheyfollowonplatforms,and

increasinglyanxiousaboutswitchingoffduetotheconstantdemandsofsocialmedia.

Shesaid:"Childrenareusingsocialmediawithfamilyandfriendsandtoplaygameswhen

theyareinprimaryschool.Butwhatstartsasfunusageofappsturnsintotremendouspressurein

realsocialmediainteractionatsecondaryschool."

Astheirworldexpanded.shesaid,childrencomparedthemselvestoothersonlineinawaythatwas"hugelydamagingintermsoftheirself-identity,intermsoftheirconfidence,butalsointermsoftheirabilitytodevelopthemselves".

MissLongfieldadded:"Thenthereisthispushtoconnect—ifyougooffline,willyoumiss

something,willyoumissout,willyoushowthatyoudon'tcareaboutthosepeopleyouare

following,allofthosecometogetherinahugewayatonce."

"Forchildrenitisvery,verydifficulttocopewithemotionally."TheChildren'sCommissionerforEngland'sstudy—lifeinLikes—foundthatchildrenasyoungas8wereusingsocialmediaplatformslargelyforplay.

However,theresearch—involvingeightgroupsof32childrenaged8to12—suggestedthatastheyheadedtowardtheirteens,theybecameincreasinglyanxiousonline.

Bythetimetheystartedsecondaryschool—atage11—childrenwerealreadyfarmoreawareoftheirimageonlineandfeltunderhugepressuretoensuretheirpostswerepopular,thereportfound.

However,theystilldidnotknowhowtocopewithmean-spiritedjokes,orthesenseof

incompetencetheymightfeeliftheycomparedthemselvestocelebrities(名人)ormorebrilliant

friendsonline.Thereportsaidtheyalsofacedpressuretorespondtomessagesatallhoursofthe

day—especiallyatsecondaryschoolwhenmoreyoungstershavemobilephones.

TheChildren’sCommissionersaidschoolsandparentsmustnowdomoretopreparechildren

fortheemotionalminefield(雷区)theyfacedonline.Andshesaidsocialmediacompaniesmust

also"takemoreresponsibility".Theyshouldeithermonitortheirwebsitesbettersothatchildrendonotsignuptooearly,ortheyshouldadjusttheirwebsitestotheneedsofyoungerusers.

JavedKhan,ofchildren'scharityBamardo's,said:"It'svitalthatnewcompulsoryage-

appropriaterelationshipandsexeducationlessonsinEnglandshouldhelpequipchildrentodeal

withthegrowingdemandsofsocialmedia.

“It’salsohugelyimportantforparentstoknowwhichappstheirchildrenareusing.”

65.Whydidsomesecondaryschoolstudentsfeeltoomuchpressure?

A.Theywerenotprovidedwithadequateequipment.

B.Theywerenotwellpreparedforemotionalrisks.

C.Theywererequiredtogivequickresponses.

D.Theywerepreventedfromusingmobilephones.

66.Somesocialappcompaniesweretoblamebecause.

A.theydidn'tadequatelychecktheirusers'registration

B.theyorganizedphototripstoattractmoreyoungsters

C.theyencouragedyoungsterstopostmorephotos

D.theydidn'tstopyoungstersfromstayinguplate

67.Children'scomparingthemselvestoothersonlinemayleadto.

A.lessfriendlinesstoeachother

B.lowerself-identityandconfidence

C.anincreaseinonlinecheating

D.astrongerdesiretostayonline

68.AccordingtoLifeinLikes,aschildrengrew,theybecamemoreanxiousto.

A.circulatetheirpostsquickly

B.knowthequalitiesoftheirposts

C.usemobilephonesforplay

D.getmorepublicapproval

69.Whatshouldparentsdotosolvetheproblem?

A.Communicatemorewithsecondaryschools.

B.Urgemediacompaniestocreatesaferapps.

C.Keeptrackofchildren'suseofsocialmedia.

D.Forbidtheirchildrenfromvisitingtheweb.

70.Whatdoesthepassagemainlytalkabout?

A.Theinfluenceofsocialmediaonchildren.

B.Theimportanceofsocialmediatochildren.

C.Theprobleminbuildingahealthyrelationship.

D.Themeasuretoreducerisksfromsocialmedia.

第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。

HowArtsPromoteOurEconomy

Whenmostpeoplethinkofthearts,theyimaginetheendproduct,thebeautifulpainting,awonderfulpieceofmusic,oranaward-winningperformanceinthetheater.Butartsgroupsbringbroadervaluetoourcommunities.Theeconomicimpactoftheartsisoftenoverlookedandbadlyjudged.

Theartscreatejobsthathelpdeveloptheeconomy.Anygivenperformancetakesatourbusfullofartists,technicalexperts,managers,musicians,orwriterstocreateanappealingpieceofart.Thesepeopleearnalivingwagefortheirprofessionalknowledgeandskills.

Anothergroupoffolksisneededtohelpmarkettheevent.“Ifyoubuildittheywillcome”isamisleadingbelief.Painters,digitalmediaexperts,photographers,bookingagentsandpromotersarehiredtosellticketsandpromotetheevent.AccordingtotheDallasAreaCulturalAdvocacyCoalition,artsagenciesemploymorethan10,000peopleasfull-orpart-timeemployeesorindependentcontractors.

Asuccessfulartsneighborhoodscreatesarippleeffect(连锁反应)throughoutacommunity.In2005,whentheBishopArtsTheatrewasdonatedtoourtown,thelocationwasconsideredapoorareaoftown.Afterinvestingmorethan$1millioninreconstructingthebuilding,webeganproducingafullseasonoftheaterperformances,jazzconcerts,andyear-roundartseducationprogramsin2008.Nearly40percentofjazzloversliveoutsideoftheDallascitylimitsanddriveorflyintoenjoyaneveningintheBishopArtsDistrict.

Nodoubtthetheaterhascontributedtothearea’sdevelopmentandeconomicgrowth.Today,therearegalleries,studios,restaurantsandnewlybuiltworkspaceswhereneighborsshareexperiences,wherethereisrenewedlifeandenergy.Inthisway,artsandculturealsoserveasapublicgood.

TecoTheatricalProductionsInc.madeuseofBloomberg’sinvestmentof$35,000togetnearly$400,000inpublicandprivatesectorsupportduringthetwo-yearperiod.Further,Dallasartsandarts-basedbusinessesproduce$298foreverydollarthecityspendsonartsprogrammingandfacilities.InPhiladelphia,ametroareasmallerthanDallas,theartshaveaneconomicimpactofalmost$3millionandsupport44,000jobs,80percentofwhichactuallylieoutsidetheartsindustry,includingaccountants,marketers,constructionworkers,hotelmanagers,printers,andotherkindsofartworkers.

Theartsareefficienteconomicdriversandwhentheyaresupported,theentiresmall-businesscommunitybenefits.

Itiswrongtoassumeartsgroupscannotmakeaprofit.Butinordertostayinbusiness,artsgroupsmustproducereturns.Ifyouareastudentstudyingthearts,chancesareyouhavebeenill-advisedtohaveaplanB.Butthosewhotrulyunderstandtheeconomicimpactandcanworktochangethepatternscancreateawiderangeofcareerpossibilities.

ArtsasaneconomicdriverOurcommunities(71)______fromartsintermsofeconomy.

(72)______ofarts’promotingoureconomy

Artsactivitydemandsa(n)(73)______effort.Itinvolvescreation,performance,and(74)______.

★Artistsmakealivingthroughtheircreativework.

★Othersgetpaidbymarketingtheevent.

Artshaveagraduallyspreading(75)______.Theycouldhelppromoteotherindustrieswhethertheylieinsideoroutsidearts.

★Besidestickets,somejazzloverswillpaytheir(76)_______toandfromtheevents.

★Artscontributetoculturaldevelopmentwhenpeoplegathertogethertosharetheirexperienceandrenewtheirenergy.

Investmentinartscouldproducepotential(77)_______economicresults.

★TeCouseda$35,000artinvestmenttoattractanoverallsupportof$400,000.

★InDallas,onedollarinvestedinartscouldharvestandextraordinaryreturnofnearly$300.

★InPhiladelphiatheartshavecreatedabout35,000jobopportunitiesforworkers(78)_______artsindustry.

ArtstudentsmakingagoodlivingWiththese(79)_______inmind,artstudentsneednotworryabouttheircareerandhavea(n)(80)_______plan.

第五部分:书面表达(满分25分)

81.请阅读下面文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。

?

【写作内容】

1.用约30个词概括上述利用排名(ratings)进行消费的现象;

2.谈谈你如何看待消费排名,然后用2-3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。

【写作要求】

1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

3.不必写标题。

【评分标准】

内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

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